NEWS RELEASE                                                                                        SEPTEMBER 2014

$3.2 Billion Centrifuge and Clarifier Market in East Asia In 2015

The market for centrifuges, clarifiers, hydrocylones and gravity type oil separators will exceed $7.3 billion in 2015. East Asia will lead the way with purchases of $3.2 billion. This is the conclusion reached in the latest update to Sedimentation and Centrifugation World Markets published by the McIlvaine Company.

Sedimentation and Centrifugation Revenues ($ Millions)

Bottom of    Form

World Region








 East      Asia


 Eastern      Europe


 Middle      East




 South      & Central America


 West      Asia


 Western      Europe



East Asia is building large numbers of municipal wastewater treatment plants. These plants use decanter centrifuges, thickeners and clarifiers. The power industry uses clarifiers both on the intake as well as the wastewater. Hydrocyclones are used to separate the FGD gypsum in the scrubber systems utilized with coal-fired power plants.

A number of international suppliers are taking advantage of the large Asian market. Centrifuge suppliers such as Alfa Laval and GEA are quite active in Asia.

The mining industry is a large purchaser of sedimentation and centrifugation equipment.  The markets in South & Central America and Africa are disproportionately high in mining projects. However, Asia is also booming. Under a recently signed €20 million contract, Siebtechnik has begun delivery of a set of 40 large-capacity centrifuges to a Chinese potash producer.

The chemical industry in East Asia is growing faster than in other regions. Various Chinese adipic acid manufacturers are buying Ferrum pusher centrifuges for these processes.

GEA is selling disk stack centrifuges in the growing oil and gas industry. These centrifuges can separate water in heavy oil emulsions.  They are also used for purifying produced water.

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NEWS RELEASE                                                                                        SEPTEMBER 2014

The Asian Market for Electrostatic Precipitator (ESP) Systems, Repair Parts and Service Will Exceed $11 Billion In 2015

The Asian market for ESP repair and service will be $5.7 billion in 2014, whereas, the new systems market will exceed $5.6 billion. This is the conclusion in the latest update of Electrostatic Precipitator World Market published by the McIlvaine Company.

2015     Electrostatic Precipitator Sales Revenues ($ Millions)


New Systems

Repair and   Upgrade























East Asia will be the largest market for new systems as well as for repair parts and service. The big question is whether China will continue to install precipitators on new coal-fired boilers. New Chinese particulate control regulations have led many observers to question whether electrostatic precipitators are capable of meeting these standards.

A worst case scenario would include retrofit of fabric filters to replace precipitators at existing plants. This is possible if enforcement efforts are strong and precipitator manufacturers are unable to improve the performance of their equipment.

India is also a difficult market to forecast.  Particulate emission limits are not rigidly enforced. New coal-fired power plants will be equipped with precipitators. However, the expenditure is directly correlated to efficiency.  A 99 percent efficient precipitator can cost fifty percent more than one obtaining 97 percent efficiency. Few existing plants would meet the emission levels enforced in the U.S and Europe.

In NAFTA and Western Europe, the new system market will be small compared to repair and service. The reason is that both regions have very large installed bases of precipitators but small markets for new coal-fired generators, steel mills and pulp/paper plants. Furthermore, new power plants in both these regions are more likely to be equipped with fabric filters than electrostatic precipitators.

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NEWS RELEASE                                                                                        SEPTEMBER 2014

Game Changers for the Air/Water Treatment and Flow Market

There are a number of industry and technology variables which will impact the markets for treatment and flow of air, gas, water and other liquids.  Some of these game changers can affect the annual market by billions of dollars per year.  This is the conclusion of the McIlvaine Company in Air/Gas/Water/Fluid Treatment and Control: World Market.

The energy industry has created a number of game changers. The most recent is a decision by China to convert massive amounts of coal into synthetic natural gas and gasoline.   Over 200 billion cubic meters of synthetic gas per year could be created in the western and northern coal fields and sent to Beijing and other large cities to provide clean burning fuels.

An equal amount of syn gas will be further processed into chemicals such as methanol and into high quality gasoline. The impact on equipment markets is illustrated by a cooling tower order for $50 million which SPX received last week for one of the coal liquefaction plants.  This plant will use only 0.2 percent of the coal envisioned for the entire program.  So the total cooling tower market alone will be $25 billion.

Much of this program is very embryonic. It is possible that only a portion will be implemented. But based on previous Chinese initiatives, the goals are likely to be achieved.

Extraction of gas and oil by unconventional means continues to be another game changer.  Shale gas/oil extraction in the U.S. continues to be a booming market.  The question is whether other countries will follow suit and when will they do so. 

Subsea processing is very dynamic with high pressures creating engineering challenges and many opportunities for suppliers of valves, pumps and materials. There are many technology game changers.  The cooling tower design used by SPX for the liquefaction plant is a new design with minimum water loss.  Wet, hybrid and dry options are now available.  Air cooled condensers   consume lots of energy but do not require water.

Another game changer is the catalytic filter.  Removal of sulfur oxides, nitrogen oxides and particulate all takes place in one vessel.  The heat from the clean hot gas can then be economically extracted.

Direct sorbent injection has been a game changer in the U.S. air pollution market.  It will reduce the expenditures for capital equipment but increase the market for the sorbents.

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NEWS RELEASE                                                                                        SEPTEMBER 2014

Power, Water and Wastewater Are Three Big Water Treatment Chemicals Markets

The power industry will buy 20 percent of the water treatment chemicals purchased by industries around the world in 2015. This is the conclusion of the McIlvaine Company in its Water and Wastewater Treatment Chemicals: World Market

($ Millions)



 Oil & Gas




 Pulp & Paper









Within power the biggest sector will be coal-fired power. Treatment chemicals are needed for boiler feedwater, cooling, wastewater and flue gas treatment. Gas turbine combined cycle plants represent the fastest growing sector. There are many new plants under construction. Also a number of peaking plants are being converted to combined cycle operation.

Power plants are frequently opting for wastewater treatment systems with no discharge to waterways. These zero liquid discharge systems use lots of treatment chemicals as well as heat for evaporation.

Municipal wastewater and drinking plants will purchase chemicals totaling $10 billion in 2015. The biggest growth is in Asia where many new plants are being constructed.

There are many chemicals used in hydraulic fracturing for oil and gas extraction.  However, these are not included as water treatment chemicals.  If they were included the $1 billion oil and gas sector would be much larger.

Paper making chemicals are not included in the pulp and paper segment, otherwise this segment would also be much larger.

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NEWS RELEASE                                                                                        SEPTEMBER 2014

China Air Filter and Fabric Filter Markets Are Competing

Suppliers of filter fibers and filter media in China will supply more products for dust collectors and fewer products for indoor air and face masks if government plans are fully implemented.  Air pollution in large cities such as Beijing and Shanghai is a major health threat. Throughout 2013 the Air Quality Index in Beijing was typically in the “severe pollution” category.  In Shanghai in December 13, the Index rose to the level deemed “poisonous.”  This low ambient air quality is spurring sales of indoor air filters and face masks.

The government plan is to correct this problem in part by enforcing tough particulate emission standards on cement, power and other emitters. According to the McIlvaine World Fabric Filter and Element Marketreport the market for dust collector bags in China in 2014 will be less than $1 billion.  This could increase to well over $2 billion in 2020.

The present market for indoor air filters is $800 million according to the McIlvaine Air Filtration and Purification World Market. When you add the amount the Chinese spend on face masks (extracted from other McIlvaine reports), the present combined revenues are similar to those for dust collector bags. The plan would result in only modest growth in the air filter market, a flat or declining facemask market and a booming market for dust collector fabrics.

The Chinese government is supporting a campaign to boost filter media manufacturing within China. Filtration fiber production is projected to reach 1.4 million tons by 2020.  The market could be even larger if the power plants convert from precipitators to fabric filters.  They would require 300,000 tons of fiber initially and 100,000 tons per year.

High temperature fibers such as PPS will be needed for coal-fired power plant filters. Presently, PPS resin production is only 30,000 tons and fiber production is 20,000 metric tons, so major expansion of high temperature fiber production will be required. 

The major fiber used in dust collectors in China is polyester.  Presently, 600,000 tons is used for all filtration applications. The need for better filtration efficiency for low temperature applications will lead to an expansion of this market as well.

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